The increasing number of Syrian refugees in Bulgaria. Having called in vain for European solidarity, the Bulgarian government is moving repression. He plans to erect a fence along 170 km of the border with Turkey while it communicates information about asylum seekers at the Embassy of Syria in violation of international conventions.
The arrival of refugees from Syria seeking the reception systems for asylum seekers, but also put under the spotlight their deficiencies: overcrowded reception centers, asylum seekers held in detention or left on the street, procedure long and uncertain, lack of integration programs. Bulgaria kindly plays the role of entrance country under the Dublin II Regulation: it takes the fingerprints of asylum seekers and persons crossing untitled for entry the external borders of the European Union, and put it in the European Eurodac file, so that people who claim asylum in another European country will be returned to Bulgaria; and at the same time it offers no possibility of integration to asylum seekers and refugees. After many, the Syrians are experiencing this today.
On the one hand, a dynamic integration of the Western Balkan countries, enclaved today in the European Union, which led symbolically by the disappearance of the visa requirement for short stays their nationals coming in Schengen - as is often the situation is asymmetrical, as citizens of the European Union have not needed visas to travel to the Western Balkans.
On the other a dynamic of closing the European Union to certain populations, such as Roma and "bogus asylum seekers", the two categories being more or less assimilated to each other. What lifts an apparent paradox, while a third of the population of the Western Balkans hs left to try his luck abroad, the European Union makes a priority to prevent the entry into its territory of persons seeking protection.
The second dynamic seems to prevail, as the European Parliament has just approved the possibility of restoring the short-stay visas in cases of excessive influx of asylum seekers.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia have signed on 13 September a regional cooperation agreement on security. Between organized crime and terrorism, one of the concerns is the "false asylum seekers", apple of discord between the European Union which don't want them and their country of origine ordered to retain them.
Following the strengthening of controls at the Greek-Turkish land border, a growing number of migrants borrow again the seaway and arrive on the Greek islands which are a few kilometers from the Turkish coast.
Welcome 2 Europe, which has burgeoned into a information website for the migrants www.w2eu.info, mobile information team for migrants in Greece http://infomobile.w2eu.net/, an exhibition migrants journeys in Europe http://w2eu.info/traces.en.html, has created a blog on the situation in Lesbos, one of the Greek Islands, where the migrants arrive, and which is also its birthplace: http://lesvos.w2eu.net/
With the intensification of control of the maritime border between Greece and Italy and the spiraling aggravation of the situation of foreigners in Greece, Hungary and Slovenia are countries entry into the Schengen area (Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania do not belong).
Neither the both countries has a tradition of reception to immigrants or refugees. Both are severely affected by the crisis. The Hungarian government is increasing attacks on the rule of law (reduction of constitutional contrapowers, violations of the independence of the judiciary and the press), and has a policy against the rights of foreigners in demand of protection.
Two reports in English about this guardian of the external border of the Schengen area:
The case dates back more than 10 years. From 1998 to 2002, Greece is implementing a program of protection and assistance to street children, the vast majority Albanians. In this context, 661 children are placed in the Agia Varvara foundation. Among them 502 disappear without a trace. The investigation at the time, which is spread over several years, is dismissed.
It is following a UN inquiry last year and more recently a Dimar (Democratic Left) question to the government, that the Department of Justice has asked a new survey.
To be continued.
After losing ground on its most repressive practices against asylum seekers, including refoulement in Serbia, Hungary has passed a new law came into force on 1 July, which pushed back their rights.
A note in English from Hungarian Helsinki Committee summarizes them:
Thursday, May 23, the Minister of Public Order Nikos Dendias announced it would give custody of the detention centers to private security companies. The opposition coalition Syriza raises the question of funding, while the Greek government fails to ensure a minimum of hygiene in detention centers.